PODS™ Human Activin A

Code Description Price Qty
PPH6-50 PODS™ Human Activin A, 50 million £95.00
PPH6-250 PODS™ Human Activin A, 250 million £295.00
PPH6-1000 PODS™ Human Activin A, 1 billion £995.00
PODS™ co-crystals
PODS™ co-crystals

PODS™ Technology

PODS™ proteins are made using an insect cell expression system in which the active protein is co-expressed alongside polyhedrin carrier protein. Polyhedrin forms microcrystals within insect cells which specifically capture the active protein to form a co-crystal complex. The active protein is captured in its nascent, natively folded form with limited scope for proteolytic degradation. Consequently, excellent levels of bioactivity are observed. The PODS™ co-crystals provide a sustained release mechanism and can be used to functionalize surfaces. For further details, please refer to the PODS™ Technology page.

Product Description

The product contains the polyhedrin protein co-crystalized with Human Activin A. Activin A is a member of the Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGF-β) family of proteins with a wide range of biological activities. Activins are produced in many tissue types including the skin, gonads, lungs, and pituitary gland. Activins interact with receptor type I and type II serine/threonine protein kinases, to activate SMAD signaling and regulate diverse cellular functions, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, wound healing, apoptosis, and metabolism. Activin A is a homodimer comprised of two activin beta A chains. Human Activin A shares 100% amino acid sequence identity with mouse, rat, porcine, bovine, and feline Activin A proteins.

Usage Recommendation

PODS™ co-crystals provide a depot of proteins which are steadily secreted. It has been estimated that the biological activity of 50 million PODS™ co-crystals generates the same peak dose as 3.3 μg of standard recombinant protein. However, at 5 days following the start of seeding the PODS™ co-crystals, there are more than 50% of these peak levels still present in the culture system. Ultimately, the amount of PODS™ co-crystals that is optimal for a particular experiment should be determined empirically. Based on previous data, we suggest using 50 million PODS™ co-crystals in place of 3.3 μg of standard growth factor as a starting point."

To control for cross-reactivity with cells or as a negative control, we recommend using PODS™ growth factors alongside PODS™ Empty crystals, as the latter do not contain or release cargo protein.

AA Sequence


Alternative Names

Inhibin beta-1, FRP, FSH-releasing protein, EDF, erythroid differentiation factor, FRP, follicle stimulating hormone releasing protein, Activin-A
Product Details
Length 155 aa
Molecular Weight 35 kDa
Structure Dimer
Source Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cell culture
Accession Number P08476
Endotoxin Level <0.06 EU/ml as measured by gel clot LAL assay
Formulation PODS™ were lyophilized from a volatile solution

PODS™ co-crystals may be reconstituted at 200 million co-crystals/ml in water. 20% glucose has a buoyant density closer to PODS™ co-crystals and can be useful for aliquoting.

PODS™ co-crystals are highly stable when stored in aqueous solution (pH range 6 - 8).

Stability and Storage Upon receipt, store at 4°C. PODS™ co-crystals are stable for at least 1 year when dry and 6 months when resuspended.


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Rey FA. Virology: Holed up in a natural crystal. (2007) Nature. 446: 35-37.

Mori H. Immobilization of Bioactive Growth Factors into Cubic Proteinous Microcrystals (Cypovirus Polyhedra) and Control of Cell Proliferation and Differentiation. (2010) NSTI-Nanotech. 3: 222-225.

Satoshi Abe, Hiroshi Ijiri, Hashiru Negishi, Hiroyuki Yamanaka, Katsuhito Sasaki, Kunio Hirata, Hajime Mori, and Takafumi Ueno. Design of Enzyme-Encapsulated Protein Containers by In-Vivo Crystal Engineering. (2015) Advanced Materials. 27(48): 7951-7956.